Vyatka is an amazing, ancient breed of Russian Severa horses. Its homeland is Vyatka Province – the territory of the present Udmurt Republic and the Kirov region.
The Vyatka horse is an “ordinary Russian breed, but with the best qualities” – these are the first documentary information about the Vyatka horse that has survived to the present day, which dates back to 1802-1803.
The history of its origin is lost in the distant past and is still not exactly installed. It is believed that the Vyatka horses are the descendants of the Estonian kleppers brought by Novgorod and Pskov to the Vyatka, Kazan and Perm provinces on the orders of Peter I (circa 1720). He presented the horses to the merchant Stroganov, who organized a stud in the Urals on their basis.
According to other sources, the beginning of the whips was laid earlier – under Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, and Peter I was like a continuation of the work begun, sending clappers from the island of Ezel to improve the whips already bred here.
There are hypotheses and an even earlier period of the Vyatka horse – from the clappers brought by the Novgorodians, who began to settle in the Vyatka and Perm provinces from 1374. The period of the Vyatka horse coincides with the appearance of postal triples in Russia. This fact, to the greatest extent than the “blood flow” of Estonian horses, could contribute to the breeding and distribution of extremely hardy energetic and fast in the legs, as for the postal service they selected horses with exactly these qualities.
Vyatka triples and carts passed up to 5 thousand kilometers per season, and were used in work for up to 17 years in a row. The distance of 600-800 versyatsky horses easily overcame in 10-14 days, often carrying cargo up to 30-35 pounds. The Vyatka breed belongs to the group of horses of the northern forest type, and it was created in the harsh conditions of the Russian North, in flood meadows Rivers Vyatka, Cheptsa, Kama, Obva.
The northern zone is characterized by the presence of many forest pastures with low quality and a long stall period. Under these conditions, local horses almost did not emit grain feed, which is very expensive here, which had a decisive influence on the formation of a type of horse that could better absorb the nutrients of coarse, bulky feed: hay or straw. This was reflected in the bodybuilding of northern horses of the forest type: short and at the same time stretched, short-legged and wide-bodied.
By the nature of the Vyatka horses are sociable, kind-hearted and obedient, at the same time very mobile and energetic, have a strong balanced temperament, absolutely “jelly” ¬concrete “psyche, developed intelligence. More N.A. Characterizing the Vyatka horse, Lyu¬bimov, in 1915, remarked: “With all the glibness, quickness, even hotness, the ride is not at all scary and cultural in nature, with no signs of wildness and anger.”
The main qualities of the wrecks, thanks to which they became popular these are mobility, endurance, good temperament and, of course, phenomenal unpretentiousness to conditions of keeping and feeding, the ability to tebemenivka and year-round ta ¬ bunny content. Vyatka horses are quite fertile and have a very high resistance to many diseases m, especially pro¬studnym.
These horses, being content with almost the same season, can work smoothly in deep snow in winter, and in off-road conditions during the off-season, and in the summer heat, easily enduring the “hordes” of midges and midges.
From the cold, rains, heat and the abundance of insects horses are rescued by thick, durable skin, thick top hair and luxurious mane and tail, which give the coyote some charm and originality. Forests, fields, rivers are this native environment for the northern forest Vyatka horses. He steps neatly on the ground, but at the same time boldly and confidently, choosing the necessary forest paths by herself – it’s not for nothing that the vytok are called “forest horses!”
By the end of the 18th century, the horse had become the most famous. The glory of the famous Vyatsky triples spread through many corners of immense Russia. Vyatka horses in large batches began to export to various Russian provinces and even abroad. They were mentioned in their works by A.S. Pushkin, M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, N.V. Gogol.
Typical vyatki and charges represented Russia at the World Horse Show in Paris (1867) and England (1880). Vyatka horses are characterized by a savor suit of all shades, with a wide color range: from light yellow, almost white, to dark brown A distinctive feature is the obligatory presence of a dark “belt” along the back, which is firmly preserved even in hybrids.
Often there are other signs of atavism, inherited from wild native horses: “zebroid” on the limbs, “mask” on the head, “raids” on the neck, withers, shoulders and shoulder blades. Vyatka was bred by the peasants, mainly for use in rural jobs household This horse is active and energetic, obedient and quick-witted, undemanding and economical, versatile and reliable in work.
A small and mobile horse will quickly and quickly get out of the deep snow and will not get stuck in the dirt of off-road. Man has always tried to get himself